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Wednesday, November 21, 2018

Definition of Conflict

Definition of Conflict
Definition of Conflict-The intrinsic elements which can attract the readers’ interest to continue the reading of literary works, especially drama, are the reflection of conflict. As human beings we are created as a social creature, which means we alive our life, hand in hand with others. We have many hopes and wishes to be fulfilled in our life. However, life is that simple because our needs could not always be satisfied. There are many obstacles, internal and environmental, which interfere our live to get our goals.  Robert E. Silverman in his book of Psychology divided conflicts into four types, namely: 

1. Approach-approach Conflict
The individual is drawn to two equality pleasurable goals and in choosing, one must eliminate the other

2.  Approach-Avoidance Conflict

One goal has both positive and negative qualities that alternately or simultaneously attract and repel the individual.

 3. Double Approach-Avoidance Conflict
The individual is caught between two goals, both of which have positive and negative qualities.

4. Avoidance-avoidance Conflict
The individual is pressured to choose between two goals. Instead of making a choice between these alternatives, some individuals will respond by escaping the entire situation. 

Conflict can be a centre of a story. Conflicts, which become the basis of plot, are the conflict of the protagonist. This situation and condition arouse some events on the story and make the story alive. Generally, the central of theme of a story is a conflict and how to solve or to end the conflicts.

Conflict is the element of the story which shows the concerns of the central characters. There are some universal conflicts which are often identified by the terms: character vs. character, character vs. self, character vs.
society, character vs. nature.
(http://www.mc3.edu/aa/lal/workshops/LiteraryDefinitions.html,  accessed on April 27th 2005).

According to Holman in his book A Handbook of Literature, conflict is a struggle which grows out of the interplay of the two opposing forces in plot. The character, usually the protagonist, may be involved in conflict of four different kinds, namely a struggle against the forces of nature, a struggle against another person, usually the protagonist, a struggle against society as a force, and a struggle for mastery by two elements within the person.

While according to Nurgiyantoro conflict can be divided into two categories: internal and external. Internal conflict is a conflict that exists inside a character’s mind. In other word, conflict is a fight against himself. Meanwhile, external conflict is defined as a conflict that exists between character in the story and something beyond his power (1995:124).

Conflict is also one of the causes in a story that makes it become more fascinating. A story without conflict will be monotonous. Therefore, conflict is an important part of a story.





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